Social System of Islam

‘ Host:’ How does this series related to the previous (6) series that we have completed? ‘ Jamal Badawi: In the first five series the focus was mainly on matters of belief and worship in Islam.’ For example, these series dealt with the question of monotheism, prophethood, Muslim belief and the Pillars of Islam.’ In

Summary of 7.1′ “Human Brotherhood and Equality I”‘ The main point that was discussed last time is that the concept of human equality and brotherhood is a very profound principle in Islam.’ It emphasizes that all human beings come from the same common parenthood through Adam and Eve and that there is no levels of

Summary of 7.2 “Human Brotherhood and Equality II”‘ In the second program we continued the discussion about the common origin of mankind.’ We quoted a passage in the Quran with the story of creation and we analyzed the story with its emphasis on the trusteeship of mankind on earth, the dignified position of the human

Summary of 7.3 “Human Brotherhood and Equality III”‘ In the last program we continued the subject of human equality and brotherhood and we sighted some of the deeds and sayings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in order to make clear the principles that were annunciated in the Quran.’ We indicated that the only criterion for superiority

Summary of 7.4 “Brotherhood of Faith”‘ The main thrust of the topic which was a continuation of the broader are of human equality and brotherhood was the concept of Ummah.’ Ummah means a community of believers (Islam does not except the term nation because it is very limited by geography, time, history or language) who

Summary of 7.5 “Social Relations and Choice of Friends”‘ The topic last week was an extension of our topic on brotherhood with a focus on selection of friends.’ We indicated that selection of friends is part of Islamic teachings because it has a far reaching impact on the character and way of thinking of an

Summary of 7.6 “Social Responsibility I”‘ First we emphasized that Islam is not an individualistic religion which only regulates the relationship between man and God.’ Islam actually goes beyond that as it also regulates the relationships between mankind and between mankind and the universe at large.’ In the Quran it addresses people in the plural

Host:’ What was the situation in regards to ‘Slaves’ when the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) came with the message? ‘ Jamal Badawi: One major characteristic was that slavery was wide spread in all parts of the world.’ It may have taken different forms but some form of it did exist everywhere and in some cases it

Summary of 7.8 “Emancipation of ‘Slaves’ I”‘ First we indicated that at the advent of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) 1400 years ago slavery was both wide spread and inhuman.’ The challenge of Islam was to try and change the situation by providing emancipation on three planes: physical, psychological and spiritual.’ We mentioned that the approach that

‘ Host:’ What is the significance of the family and how does this tie in with the social system of Islam? ‘ Jamal Badawi: In the first nine programs we talked broadly about the social system in Islam but we have not talked about the corner stone of this system which is the family.’ From

Summary of 7.10 “Place of Family in Islam”‘ Basically, we said that since we are dealing with the social system in Islam, the corner stone of society is the family.’ We started off by indicating that from a Muslim point of view a family can be a number of persons who are related by blood

Summary of 7.11 “Position of Women in Ancient Civilization”‘ The first point addressed the relevance of women in history.’ We said that Islam did not just make some improvements relevant to the seventh century but not relevant today.’ The main purpose was to understand some of the background that existed in the world towards women

Summary of 7.12 “Women in Judaeo-Christian and Muslim Scriptures I”‘ First of all, we compared the attitude towards women as reflected in the Old Testament with the Quran.’ We compared three major areas.’ One, the creation of Adam and Eve and the responsibility for the first sin.’ According to the Bible the woman is blamed

Summary of 7.13 “Women in Judaeo-Christian and Muslim Scriptures II”‘ We continued with the comparison of the Judaeo-Christian and Islamic views by looking at how each deals with women in the case of rape (reference from the book of Deuteronomy 22).’ We dealt with the case of a man accusing his wife of committing adultery

Summary of 7.14 “Position of Women in Islam-Spiritual Aspect”‘ Last week’s program looked at the position of women in Islam, first from the human and spiritual perspective.’ Islam dispelled all the arguments that proceeded the advent of Islam in the later part of the sixth century where they had religious conferences to decide whether a

Summary of 7.15 “Position of Women in Islam-Economic Aspect”‘ The previous program dealt mainly with the economic rights of a Muslim woman in accordance with Islamic Law.’ In Islamic Law a woman has the full right to own property in her own name and to dispose of it in any way that she prefers regardless

Summary of 7.16 “Position of Women in Islam-Social Aspect”‘ The previous program addressed a woman’s position in Islam from a social point of view.’ We looked at a woman’s position as a daughter, wife and mother.’ We also indicated that Islam forbade female infanticide and strongly condemned the feeling of grief when a baby girl

Summary of 7.17 “Position of Women in Islam-Political Aspect I”‘ First of all we addressed whether a Muslim woman according to Islamic Law is permitted to participate in political activities.’ We said that what we mean by political activities is things that pertain to public affairs and the overall affairs of society.’ We indicated that

Summary of 7.18 “Position of Women in Islam-Political Aspect II”‘ The first part was a continuation of Muslim women and public affairs or what we call today political life.’ We used the example during the days of Omar, the second Caliph after the Prophet, who was corrected by a woman in the Masijid.’ We made

Summary of 7.19 “Muslim Women in History I”‘ In the very early part of the program we continued the discussion of the expectancy of the witness of a Muslim woman and we went into some final details’ in order to clarify the issue. ‘ The focus of the program was focused on actual examples of

Summary of 7.20 “Muslim Women in History II”‘ We looked into the Woman’s role in matters of propagating the faith and how women participated in various ways of spreading the truth.’ We also discussed their participation in educational functions and we showed that many muslim women were scholars and taught other men who learned a

Summary of 7.21 “Muslim Women in History III”‘ We continued our discussion of women in history and we indicated that our emphasis on the early days of Islam was simply because this represented the perfect model (closest) to what Islam teaches.’ Second, we stated that the position and status of a Muslim woman afterword had

Summary of 7.22 “Muslim Women in Recent History”‘ ‘ The last program focused more on the trends pertaining to the position and involvement of Muslim women particularly in recent history (late 19th century and early 20th century).’ I said that in my understanding there seemed to have been three basic trends.’ The first trend was

Summary of 7.23 “Muslim Women in Contemporary History”‘ The title of the whole series is the Social System of Islam and the premiss after covering some broad issues, like human brotherhood, we said that the corner stone of society is the family and the corner stone of the family is the woman because of her

Summary of 7.24 “Islam’s View of Sex”‘ We started a new segment int this series which deals with the family life in Islam.’ We started by introducing Islam’s attitude and view towards the matter of sex.’ We tried to indicate that Islam does not see sex in-itself as something which is negative or evil.’ However,

Summary of 3.28 “Selection of Spouse and Engagement”‘ We covered five basic points.’ One was to clarify some of the basic aims and objectives of marriage.’ We indicated that marriage is not regarded in Islam as an inevitable evil nor is it connected with original sin because there is no such thing in Islam.’ We

Summary of 7.26 “Engagement Continued” ‘ We continued the discussion of the rules of engagement in Islam.’ We indicated that Islam allowed people who were planning to get married to see each other and to talk to one another without being in total privacy or adopting the western style of dating and courting.’ We explained

Summary of 7.27 “Marriage Laws in Islam I (Forbidden Categories)”‘ We continued investigating marriage laws in Islam and the main points that were discussed pertained to the prohibited or restricted categories to which the person may not get married because of close blood relations.’ We also indicated that in terms to interfaith marriages first a

Summary of 7.28 “Marriage Laws in Islam II (Validity of marriage)”‘ We covered the issues last time.’ First, there was some discussion of inter religious marriage in Islam with a special focus on why a Muslim woman must marry a Muslim and that there are concessions for Muslim men and the reasons behind them.’ Second,

Summary of 7.29 “Marriage Laws in Islam III (Marriage Contract)”‘ We continued our discussion of guardianship in marriage.’ We also talked about the marriage of minors, indicating the various conditions attached to it.’ Third subject was the freedom of choice on the part of both husband and wife to be regardless of whether she was

Summary of 7.30 “Marriage Laws in Islam IV (Marriage Contract)” The bulk of the discussion related to the discussion of dowery or marriage gift as Islam calls it.’ We indicated that if it is not mentioned in the marriage contract the contract is still alid.’ Also, the marriage gift need not be paid immediately but

Summary of 7.31 Polygamy in Islamic Law I (Historical Perspectives)‘ First we started by clarifying the terms and we said that polygamy is a broad term which includes any form of plural marriages which may include one wife having more than one husband which is called polyandry and this is not what we are dealing

Summary of 7.32 “Polygamy in Islamic Law II (Historical Perspectives)‘ In the last program we started by giving some of the anthropological and sociological explanation of the existence of polygamy in a variety of cultures throughout different points in history.’ We discussed the various reasons such as personal, demographic, social, biological, economic and so on.’

Summary of 7.35 “Polygamy in Islamic Law III (Historical Perspectives)‘ In the last program we covered the meaning of ‘justice’ which is a prerequisite for polygamy in Islam.’ We also discussed the fact that Islam for the first time (from among all other world scriptures) specified the maximum number of wives to be taken under

Summary of 7.34 “Polygamy in Islamic Law IV (Historical Perspectives)”‘ Summary: We continued our discussion last time of some of the contingent situations which may make polygyny a better solution: for cases such as barrenness, illness and so on.’ We also talked about some of the guaranties and protection provided for women in the case

Host:’ What are the main rights and obligations resulting from marriage? ‘ Jamal Badawi: As a result of the marriage contract a number of things follow.’ One is the eligibility of the wife to receive the marriage gift (which we discussed in several programs).’ Another thing that was covered before that comes as a result

Summary of 3.36 Marital Relations I (Wife’s Rights)We started by talking about the various consequences of the marriage contract.’ We focused more on the mutual rights and obligation between husband and wife.’ We indicated that these rights and obligations are founded on ethical and religious ground for marriage in Islam.’ We explained the question of

Summary of 7.37 “Marital Relations II (Wife’s Rights)”Last time we talked about the non financial rights of the wife and we indicated that according to the Quran one has to dwell with his wife in equity and kindness.’ The Prophet considered that one of the criteria of faith and goodness from a’ spiritual sense also

Summary of 7.38 “Marital Relations III (Related Issues)”We continued the discussion of marital relationships.’ It was the third program dealing with the subject of the wife’s rights.’ We talked about the obligation of the husband to gratify the instinctive need of his wife in terms of matrimonial relationships and what Islamic Law in terms of

Summary of 7.39 “Marital Relations IV (Husband’s Rights)”First we continued some discussion on the issues of surrogate motherhood and the claim that perhaps one day one might be able to select the sex of the fetus.’ Mostly we focused on the rights of the husband.’ We indicated that as the wife expects to be treated

Summary of 7.40 Marital Relations V (Husband’s Rights)We continued the rights of the husband last week.’ More particularly we covered the question of leadership within the family and the ‘obligation of the wife’ towards him and her obedience.’ We covered this with sayings of the Prophet.’ We also examined some of the basis with which

Summary of 7.41 “Marital Relations and Children’s RightsLast week we mainly covered two major areas.’ One was a continuation of the discussion of the rights of the husband as they manifest in day to day life and the obligations of the wife towards the husband.’ The major of the program dealt with the rights of

Summary of 7.42 “Rights of Parents”In last week’s program we discussed what is mentioned in the Quran and Prophetic Tradition concerning the rights of parents and their treatment.’ We indicated that the Arabic word birr which translates to kind treatment, respect, obedience and financial help.’ We indicated that these elements are applicable and still hold

Summary of 7.43 “Rights of Relatives”Last week we continued our discussion on the rights of parents and relatives and the remaining part of the program focussed on the question of resolution of marriage or divorce.’ Three major points were made: first from the comparative standpoint Islam takes a moderate position in regards to divorce without

Summary of 7.44 “Marital Problems”The main issue that was raised is that divorce in Islam is not as easy as some may think.’ There are preventative measure that may take place like the careful selection of one’s spouse and trying to live by Islamic Law with each other.’ Also, there are measures that can be

Summary of 7.45 Dissolution of Marriage I First, we emphasized that the right to seek divorce in an unsuccessful and unhappy marriage is a principle which applies in Islam to both wife and husband.’ Divorce is not the exclusive right of the husband and we talked about the four different cases.’ Second, we said that